The Dangers of Being Overweight
People who are overweight are also more likely to develop cancer of the esophagus or upper stomach. The study, published in the British Journal of Cancer revealed those who reported being heavy at the age of 20 were about 60 to 80 per cent more likely to develop the disease in later life compared to people who maintain a healthy weight.
Researchers found people who gained more than three stone (20kg) during adulthood were also twice as likely to develop esophageal cancer compared to people who had little weight change.
“This study highlights how weight gain over the course of our lives can increase the risk of developing these two cancer types, both of which have extremely poor survival,” said Dr Jessica Petrick, study author. Around 5,600 people are diagnosed with esophagus and upper stomach cancers in England every year.
Being overweight or obese is the single biggest preventable cause of cancer in the UK after smoking and contributes to around 18,100 cases of cancer every year. Symptoms of stomach cancer include:
Persistent indigestion Heartburn Feeling full or bloated very quickly after eating.
Pain in the stomach or breastbone Difficulty swallowing Vomiting Feeling sick
10 food trigger for heartburn and acid reflux
Carrying excess weight can trigger long-term reflux problems and heartburn that can lead to cancer In addition to cancers of the esophagus and the upper stomach, it is linked to a range of other cancer types including bowel, breast, liver and pancreatic.
Excess weight can also change the levels of sex hormones, such as estrogen and testosterone, cause levels of insulin to rise and lead to inflammation.
The study, led by researchers from the National Cancer Institute in Bethesda, US, pooled data from more than 400,000 people and analysed their reported height and weight at ages 20, 50, and at the time they gave the information.
The researchers then followed them up to see which people developed cancer of either the esophagus or upper stomach. Sarah Williams, from Cancer Research UK, said: “This study further highlights the importance of keeping a healthy weight throughout life to reduce the risk of developing these cancers.
“Small steps like taking the stairs more often, keeping an eye on portion sizes and switching to sugar-free drinks are simple things we can all do to help keep a healthy weight.”
“Participants were asked to recall what they weighed at different ages. “Memories aren’t always accurate over long periods of time, so it will be interesting to see if these findings are backed up by future studies looking at lifetime weight gain and cancer risk in real time.”
NHS Choices said stomach cancer is much more common in older people, with 90 out of 100 cases occurring in people who are over 55 years of age.
Its true we live in a society that is obsessed with looks. All forms of media have some form of attractive women which brainwashes us into thinking that thin is the ideal American look.
As a society we seem to have a misconception of what a realistic weight is because of what is programmed into our minds through media.
We shouldn’t HAVE to be thin it should be a choice but it seems like we, women, are pressured into believing we are ugly and are required to lose weight is we are carrying a few extra pounds.
When several men and women were asked what their thoughts on overweight women are, most responded negatively.
Saying women shouldn’t look like this, or that it’s unhealthy or gross.
According to livestrong.com, the average weight of an American women is 166 pounds, while the average weight of a model is only 107 pounds. Notice the difference in size? Granted muscle mass and height still have to be input, but that doesn’t change the fact that the constant social media we see portray the minority of women.
“When it comes to physical health, we can see several risk factors increasing, like obesity and being overweight, and more people are registering high blood pressure,” Fatima Azerkan, the lead researcher said in a statement. The agency’s annual report also shows that there continues to be a significant difference in health between people with a higher education and those without one.
It also highlights signs that poor mental health is on the rise in Sweden, especially among young people and those who have no more than an upper secondary school education.
“Good and equal health is a basic condition for a society’s progress. Our report shows that there needs to be continued strong efforts made in public health in Sweden, and the work must be an important part of social planning.
Seen from a global perspective public health in Sweden is still good however. Mortality from heart disease and the four most common forms of cancer has reduced, with the exception of lung cancer among women.
Yet, simply maintaining a healthy weight could go a long way in cutting a woman’s risk of developing the disease. Being fat triples a woman’s risk of getting the cancer, while obesity raises the risk by six times.
Fatty tissue produces estrogen, raising the hormone’s levels in the body. Being overweight triples uterus cancer’s risk, while obesity raises the risk by a huge six times
Being fat increases the risk of several serious diseases including type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and some types of cancer. And experts have warned that Britain is already sitting on an obesity crisis. Latest UK figures show that some 67 per cent of men and 57 per cent of women are now either overweight or obese. But the problem is also becoming acute in children.
In the new study, researchers examined 13,000 adults who had eaten at least one family meal in the past week.
They then analysed the link between obesity and family meal patterns and practices. Overall, over half of the participants said that they had family meals on most days of the week. Additionally, 35 percent of the respondents reported having family meals on some days, and 13 percent said that they had them only on a few days.
Approximately a third of the participants were deemed obese.
But the researchers found those who were obese were more likely to watch TV or videos most of the time during these meals. The type of food eaten was also important. Those who ate home-cooked food and did not watch television while eating were less likely to be obese.
People who never watched TV or videos during family meals, however, were 37 percent less likely to be obese compared with adults who always watched TV.
This correlation was independent of family meal frequency. The lowest risk of obesity was found among those whose family meals were both home-cooked and uninterrupted by TV or videos.